|Product name||Thyroid cancer-normal|
|No. of samples||59|
|No. of patients||56|
|Core diameter||2.0 mm|
|Section thickness||4 micrometer|
Product Related Literature
From effective management of most parafollicular cells.The of thyroid cancer and aggressive follicular thyroid, thyroid cancer, malignant original is a surgical resection thyroid gland (thyroid) following the removal of TSH suppressive therapy with radioactive iodine is a neoplasm. Chemotherapy or radiation therapy may be used in the case of advanced stages of cancer or distant metastases. In most cases, the first sign of cancer of the thyroid is the thyroid gland in the neck. However, many adults is a small unit in the thyroid, but less than 5%, is detected in the malignant typical of these units. Sometimes, the first sign is a lymph node that is enlarged. Then, that the symptoms are present, the pain, in front of the voice change and neck because of the involvement of the recurrent laryngeal nerve. Typically, thyroid cancer is located in the euthyroid patient, but symptoms of hyperthyroidism or hypothyroidism, may be associated in well-differentiated tumors or metastatic large-scale . They are particularly important thyroid nodules when are those under the age of 20. Presentation of benign nodules so hateful in this age, the possibility of malignancy is much greater.
Thyroid nodules, can occur after it was discovered during examination for referral to thyroidologist and endocrine. In most cases, the ultrasound is performed to confirm the assessment of the overall status of the gland and the presence of nodes. Measurement of anti-thyroid antibodies and thyroid stimulating hormone helps present in Hashimoto’s thyroiditis, such as this, to determine whether there is a dysfunction of the thyroid gland, which is known to cause goiter benign. The measurement of calcitonin, it is necessary to exclude the presence of medullary thyroid carcinoma. Finally, in order to achieve a definitive diagnosis before determining the treatment, usually, the test aspiration is performed.
Small papillary cancer is a subset of papillary thyroid cancer is defined as equal to 1 CM or smaller. The incidence of papillary thyroid cancer in small autopsy series reported by Harach from the highest. It was found to have a small incidental cancer in 1985 that found 36 of dissection was 101 continuous. And Michael Pakdaman. The reported incidence highest retrospective surgical series 49.9% 860 cases. Range of a single observation from radioactive iodine ablation and total thyroidectomy (confirmed by FNAB) and management strategy for incidental papillary micro carcinoma in ultrasonography. And Harach. We propose the use of the term “occult papillary tumor” to avoid giving such as cancer, patients suffering. Etc. was Woolner. and coined the term “occult papillary carcinoma” in 1960 for anyone to describe a 1,5 cm diameter ≤ papillary cancer in any first.
To 1960-1940, external, infancy and low dose of radiation to the head and neck during childhood, are used for the treatment of benign disease of many. This process is illustrated individuals thyroid, and predisposition for cancer. Risk of developing younger patients, the cancer at the time of exposure is high. Another reason may be due to high doses of radiation to the head and neck. The hypothyroidism, patients with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma treated with irradiation mantlefield, risk of developing cancer of the thyroid gland has a higher potential in, but is higher.
In most cases, the thyroid anatomy of the main door unit has a first step in the treatment of thyroid cancer. Cancer of the thyroid gland (for example, the well-differentiated carcinoma, evidence of lymph node metastases, low MIB-1 without genetic changes, such as major BRAF mutation, such as RET in biological malignancy of thyroid under antiseptic operation p53 mutation etc / PTC rearrangements in patients 45 years of age or older can be implemented in case you do not have an index,). If the diagnosis (for papillary thyroid cancer, for example) differentiated thyroid cancer can not be found or it appears as a strategy that is waiting cautious suspected FNA operation, the cautious overtreatment and cancer guidelines overdiagnosis It is recommended at all Among the old patients.Radioactive iodine 131 is not a thing based on the evidence that is waiting to reduce, for the treatment of thyroid cancer, thyroid or is used in papillary thyroid follicular cancer patients and removal of residual thyroid tissue after surgery. There is no benefit from this treatment patients with Hurthle cell cancer most medullary carcinoma, and undifferentiated. When cancer is inoperable when pain relief bone metastases, or reproduced resection, it is possible to use an external beam radiation. Sunitinib and sorafenib has been approved for the commitment of signs other shows for thyroid cancer, and is used in some patients that do not qualify for clinical trials. Phase II clinical trial, I began XL184 Phase III and a large number of agents.
Prognosis of cancer of the thyroid is related to stage at diagnosis and type of cancer. In the case of the most common form of thyroid cancer, papillary, overall prognosis is excellent. In fact, large probably increased incidence of papillary thyroid cancer in recent years, associated with early diagnosis. One, you can see the trend of early diagnosis in two ways. At first, small many of these cancers are not likely to develop into invasive cancer. To improve the long-term outcome of the patient, the early diagnosis of these cancers, the second point is that it simultaneously removed without potential is spread them across the thyroid. This trend is about whether it is not necessary or beneficial towards the early diagnosis, there is no consensus at this time.
Argument for early diagnosis and treatment is based on the idea that small thyroid not growth or metastasis (papilla mainly) very. This view, (even if nothing is done for cancer, not that you have the patient’s symptoms, the illness and death, that is,) the majority of thyroid cancer is overdiagnosis holds. By mixing the cases clinically significant cancer harmless obviously include the case of over-diagnosis of these distorted statistics. Indicates that you have a thyroid cancer technical does not cause any harm more than one third of the elderly, thyroid is very common in autopsy studies of people who die of other causes. It can detect a node that may cancer simply by contributing to the level of overdiagnosis, feeling, the head is easy. However, very few of these people who became free from symptoms thyroid cancer by mistake, that you have treatment and any symptoms in these patients to help them, the possibility of only harm you do not do it It is not.