|Product name||Lung cancer|
|No. of samples||59|
|No. of patients||59|
|Core diameter||2.0 mm|
|Section thickness||4 micrometer|
Product Related Literature
Lung cancer is a disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in lung tissue. If allowed to stand, this growth can spread beyond the lung in a process called other parts of the body tissue or near transition. Most cancers that begin in the lungs, is a cancer that is known as primary lung cancer, arise from epithelial cells. Called small cell lung cancer and (SCLC) non-small cell lung cancer and oat cell carcinoma main types of lung cancer, is a (NSCLC). The most common symptom is a cough shortness of breath (including coughing up blood) and weight loss of breath.
The most common cause of lung cancer is long-term exposure causing 80-90% of the lung to cigarette smoke. Accounts for 10-15% of lung cancer cases of non-smokers, these cases are due to a combination of genetic factors often, radon gas, including passive smoking, asbestos, air pollution,. Lung cancer can be seen computed tomography and chest X-ray photograph (CT) on. Diagnosis was confirmed by biopsy to be performed by the CT-oriented bronchial or generally. Long-term results and treatment as measured by performance status, step (release times), and the general condition of the individual, and I depends on the type of cancer.
The common treatment, surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy is included. Usually, SCLC whereas respond well to chemotherapy or radiation therapy, NSCLC are treated sometimes, surgery. On average, 15% of people in the United States, has been diagnosed with lung cancer survive five years after diagnosis. Globally, lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer-related death in men and women, and is responsible for 1.38 million deaths per year from 2008.
If the cancer has grown into the airways, it is possible to interfere with the flow of air resulting in difficulty in breathing. There is a predisposition to pneumonia and lead to the accumulation of fluid in the closed stop behind. Depending on the type of cancer, so-called paraneoplastic phenomena may attract the attention of the original disease. In lung cancer, these phenomena may include syndrome (SIADH) antidiuretic hormone inappropriate Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome (muscle weakness, caused by autoantibodies), or hypercalcemia. Tumors of the upper part of the lung, known as Pancoast tumor, can invade the local part of the sympathetic nervous system leading to damage to the brachial plexus and, (fall of small pupil on this side and lid) Horner’s syndrome . Many of the symptoms (loss of appetite, weight loss, fever, fatigue) of lung cancer is not specific. In many people, when they see a doctor to have the symptoms, the cancer has spread beyond the original site they already. Brain, bone, adrenal glands, against lung, a common site of spread, including liver, pericardium, and kidney. About 10 percent of people with symptoms of lung cancer is not a diagnosis, and these cancers, are found at random routine chest X-ray film.
Instead of tobacco, especially smoking, is the most important factor for lung cancer. The smoke of tobacco, including a radioactive isotope from benzopyrene radon decay chain over the age of 60 known, and nitrosamines, carcinogens are included. Furthermore, it appears that nicotine and reduce the immune response against the cancer tissue which is exposed. In developed countries the whole, 90% of lung cancer deaths in men in 2000 is associated with a (70% for women) smoking. Smoking accounts for 80-90% of lung cancer cases.
In passive smoking and non-smokers, inhalation of smoke from smoking causes lung cancer in someone else. Second-hand smoke, can be used to classify someone alive, like work with smokers. You are exposed to second-hand smoke on a consistent basis, research in the United States, Europe, the UK, from Australia, has shown a significant increase in risk between them. Risk has 19% increase from 16 people who work in passive smoking environment and people are living with people who suck the increased risk of 20-30%. Study of smoke inhalation, indicating that it is more dangerous than direct smoke. Passive smoking is a cause of death is estimated 3,400 people from lung cancer each year in the United States.
In turn, radon is a colorless odorless gas produced by the decay of radioactive radium is a decay product of uranium found in the earth’s crust. Result of sometimes cancerous mutation, radiation degradation products ionize genetic material. After smoking.The risk increased 16% increase from around 8 at a concentration of 100 Bq / m³ radon, radon is the most common cause of second lung cancer in the United States. Level of radon gas vary, depending on the configuration and the position of the rocks and soil of the underlying. For example, in areas such as (which has granite as a substrate) Cornwall, radon gas is a major problem, you must force and ventilation fan to radon gas concentration is low building in the UK. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), home of the United States of 15 one to estimate with a radon concentration of recommended management above 4 picocuries per liter (PCI / L).