|Product name||Liver hepatocellular carcinoma|
|No. of samples||1|
|Description||liver, hepatocellular carcinoma
Age/Sex : 45/M
Product Related Literature
Liver hepatocellular carcinoma is the most common type of liver cancer. (The alcohol dependence, is the most common cause of cirrhosis) Most cases of HCC are secondary to cirrhosis or (C or hepatitis B-type) and viral hepatitis infection. Compared to other types of cancer, HCC tumor in the United States is very rare. Metastasis from cancer of other parts of the body (spread), for example, hepatitis in the country is the main colon without HCC endemic of the liver, not the cancer of the most malignant. Rather than a number of factors, treatment options and prognosis of HCC is dependent on the stage and size of the tumor in particular. In addition, an important tumor grade. High-grade tumors, must be able to be poor prognosis, such as low-grade tumors, such as in the case of other organs of many, to remain undetected for many years. Some of the most important risk factor, and are different in each country. In countries where hepatitis B, such as China is prevalent, B hepatitis is a major cause of hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatitis B, while in countries like the United States, is rare, (abuse of alcohol often cause) is cirrhosis The main cause of HCC is due to the height of the vaccination rate.
Risk diabetes hepatocellular cancer type 2 diabetes and in accordance with the duration of the treatment protocol, it is increased. This increased risk of insulin in the blood concentration as diabetes patient treatment and to increase (EU member countries that contribute to the high concentration of insulin in the blood, both) the insulin production or their control of the poor insulin incredulous decrease diabetes insulin blood levels show too much to contribute to, an increased risk of hepatocellular carcinoma treatment. In this note, diabetes some patients to participate (do not allow it is high) to insulin health check shows that low enough to distinguish them from the general population level of risk. Because in this way, insulin regulation is poor, isolated type 2 diabetes, and this phenomenon is, again and conditions, (data of soft especially fatty liver, or present NAFLD), such as metabolic syndrome, such as the other claims of greater risk too.While is that anabolic steroid abusers are at greater risk, it benign form of (HCC hepatocellular adenomas anabolic steroid users here that are not there is evidence The only evidence that it is possible to have) a was confirmed, hepatocellular carcinoma and more dangerous converted.
When grown to a size of 6.8 cm over hepatocellular adenomas, which are believed to be cancer, and therefore, it is made to the risk of hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma has an impact on children and adults who are affected by biliary atresia most commonly, but the children of cholestasis, the disease of other glycogen storage disease, cirrhosis, liver , it is easy to take in the development of hepatocellular carcinoma. If you suffer from congenital disease of the liver, likely to have chronic liver disease in children and adolescents is low, however, is the fact that, you increase the chance of developing hepatocellular carcinoma. Can be either young suffer rare fibrolamellar variant of hepatocellular carcinoma, and risk factors typical, i.e. hepatitis and cirrhosis.
The hepatocellular carcinoma, cancer of the mutation of different cellular mechanisms that cause the cell to respond to the results and a higher rate of escape apoptosis or cell / evolves. In particular, chronic infections C and hepatitis B and / or to help the development of hepatocellular carcinoma by causing the immune system of the body itself repeatedly attack hepatocytes some that are infected with viruses other side I could. This constant cycle of damage can lead to errors in the repair leading to carcinogenesis in turn beyond repair, but this hypothesis, moment chronic hepatitis C, which is applied after the hepatitis C, through the stage of cirrhosis I cause HCC. In chronic hepatitis B, however, direct integration of the viral genome into cells infected, you can develop a non-HCC-induced cirrhosis. Repeated or ethanol consumption mass can have a similar effect. In addition, cirrhosis due to alcoholism in general, C chronic hepatitis and chronic hepatitis B
By building in the liver, toxin aflatoxin is carcinogenic and assistance carcinogen of hepatocellular carcinoma from Aspergillus specific species of bacteria. High incidence of combined hepatitis B and aflatoxin in settings, such as West Africa and China, has led to a relatively high rate of heptatocellular cancer in these areas. It is not a chronic infection, viral hepatitis other hepatitis, such as such, not associated with hepatocellular carcinoma. Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) has occurred in patients with cirrhosis (C or hepatitis type B, 20%) and chronic viral hepatitis most common and / or (80%). Often, these patients receive by way of cost effective ultrasonic observation. In patients with (for example, an increase in de-gamma carboxyprothrombin level and α-fetoprotein) high suspicion for HCC, fault of the abdomen, the best way for detection three phase using the intravenous contrast agent, which is calculated immediately (before contrast agent, after administration of the contrast contained, again after a delay) in order to enhance the ability of the radiologist to detect subtle tumor small or scan. It therefore needing underlying disease of the liver is more difficult to findings Rated HCC most patients, it is possible to optimize the parameters of the study CT is important.
Biopsy is necessary to confirm the diagnosis of HCC image if certain criteria are met. De strengthening in late phase research portal and Ya scrape together, and the main features of the CT, mosaic pattern and pseudocapsule is dyed in the arterial phase scan. It is possible to evaluate the lesion and fat lime. Scan using the contrast agent is a barium or iodine-based normal CT. Some patients are allergic to iodine one or both of these contrast agents, most. Typically, allergic reaction, it does not manage life-threatening.
Alternative to CT imaging study, Masu MRI. I have an MRI machine that you can not use more expensive, MRI is, such as less equipment. Are beginning to be used for the detection of tumor in only the more important MRI, fewer radiologists are familiar with the positioning, the nuclear magnetic resonance studies to be used as a screening device of the tumor. [Citation needed] In particular, in an area where cancer is already open, the radiologist is using MRI’s to pass the appearance of the high school. The [EDIT] MRI is, I use a contrast agent. To view the data of liver tumors one of the best, very new: nanoparticles iron oxide [Edit], the latter rather than be absorbed into the normal liver tissue, scar and tumor  good it appears to give the results. Screening of hepatocellular carcinoma, a review of the diagnosis and treatment of 4 members are selected to compare the accuracy of MRI and CT for the diagnosis of the malignancy. The post-transplant, as the gold standard, X-ray diagnosis was compared with biopsy. Except for cases with specificity, it has been established to be a specific and sensitive than CT in the study of all four MRI.